Getting the necessary intelligence to stop violence is hard for any given nation, but it can be done. It has to be done, anyway.
One way of getting the necessary intelligence to stop violence would be by infiltrating the various violent groups. This of course, potentially exposes the infiltration agents hence sent to grave danger, but the intelligence hence acquired can be extremely helpful.
Another way of getting the necessary intelligence to stop violence would be by carrying out espionage from outside.
Yet another way of getting the necessary intelligence to stop violence would be by cooperating with other states that may have such intelligence in the possession. Countries with relatively weak intelligence services often cooperate with international agencies such as CIA for crucial ‘intelligence aid.’
To get more insights on how violence can be stopped, you can subscribe to one of the newsletters that deal with this particular subject. You will probably only be asked your email when signing up for such a newsletter. And you can get the necessary email at the www.ymail.com service description page. So you just go the said Ymail page and create a special Ymail.com account, which you then use to sign up for the newsletters. That is, of course, assuming that you have no other email address: which would be an oddity in this day and age.
Street gang violence can be extremely ugly. There are places where, thanks to street gang violence, it becomes impossible for people who are not members of the respective gangs to venture. Ultimately, such street gang violence has to be combated. And there are two approaches that can be used in combating the violence.
The first approach that can be used in combating street gang violence is that in which ‘hard power’ is used. This is all about meeting violence with violence. The police can crack hard on the gangs, even as intelligence collection is enhanced. This approach is quite alright, so long as it is done in a lawful way. But if it is done in an unlawful way (like where ‘shoot to kill’ orders are issued), or by untrained folks, there can be a lot of collateral damage.
The second approach that can be used in combating street gang violence is that in which soft power is used. Here, the idea is to persuade the members of the street gangs that the violence is not worthwhile. Social interventions can, in the meantime, be put in place, through subsidized housing, food aid programs and so on: ensuring that the basic needs of the youth are met, and they therefore have no economic motivation to take part in violent crimes.
Getting rid of violent militias is extremely hard, once they are formed. Further analysis reveals some three reasons as to why it is often hard to get rid of such militias.
The first reason as to why it is often hard to get rid of violent militias is in the fact that the militias tend to indoctrinate their fighters very intensively. Most of them are actually known to first give ‘oaths’ to their fighters, before commissioning them. Then, the fighters become part of family units, and they strongly believe that if they ever leave the militias, they will suffer harm. So they are effectively locked in.
The second reason as to why it is often hard to get rid of violent militias is in the fact that the militias tend to use both conventional and non-conventional approaches to fighting. Conventional armies fighting them are therefore often greatly disadvantaged.
The third reason as to why it is often hard to get rid of violent militias is in the fact that the militias tend to have backers in the political class. Some of the backers actually turn out to be global actors, keen on using the militias to achieve certain strategic objectives. Their political backers then protect them from behind the scenes.